Exodus 19:1 - 20:23 {First Day}
Deuteronomy 14:22 -16:17 {Second Day - Shabbos}

Numbers 28:26 - 31 {Both Days}

Ezekiel 1:1 -28, 3:12 {First Day}
Habakkuk 2:20 - 3:19 {Second Day}

From Peasant, Pauper, and Peon at Pesach
to the Exaltation of Prince, Princess and Holy Priests {Ministers}
Receiving the Torah at Shavuos

By Dr. Akiva G. Belk

This study of the Holy Days is dedicated in the loving memory of Jack and Bella Noahson may they rest in peace.

The time frame from peasant, pauper and peon to the Holy Priests {Ministers} was just 52 days. When 15 Nisan began we were peasants, paupers and peons. When Shabbos, 7 Sivan began we were a Kingdom of Priests receiving the Holy Crown of Torah. What brought on this enormous change for over three million Jews?

Eight Shabbosim of Freedom... I know of nothing that can transform a life from any state of despair and wretchedness to being a prince, princess and priest like just eight weeks of Shabbos observance. What does one have to lose? When B'nei Yisroel exited Mitzriam they did not have the Torah. They had not received the Torah. They were in a weak and wretched condition. Kal Yisroel were slaves driven from Mitzriam. We were slaves delivered by our Creator, Hashem.

Upon our deliverance we did not change instantly. The first Shabbos of our freedom we were traveling back towards Mitzriam to the edge of the Sea of Reeds. At this point we were like many Jews today. We hadn't truly received the revelation of Shabbos. The extent of our revelation was not too deep or serious at that point. However, due to the circumstances of our deliverance, we began learning.

It was in the evening, the beginning of our tenth day of freedom, Friday {our second Shabbos} at the bitter well of Mara that Hashem through Moshe our teacher began to teach us about Shabbos observance. Hashem turned a bitter well of water sweet. It was after traveling three days. We ran out of water. The waters of Mara were too bitter to drink. Everyone was extremely thirsty. We began to complain! Then right there we were introduced to the sweetness of Torah as Hashem turned the bitter waters sweet. We learned that we cannot go more than three days without hearing / learning Torah. At the time our only knowledge of Torah was just the seven Noaic Commands.

There in the desert we established each Monday, Thursday and Shabbos as days that each of us must listen to the reading of the Torah. We rested on Shabbos and Moshe gave us three new commands: Honoring Shabbos, honoring one's parents and the observance of Mishpatim which are civil laws. Even though we received these new laws we would falter some. We failed to observe them as the Torah intends. We were just learning.

Seven days later, on 1 Iyar, we experienced the seventeenth day of the Omer and our Third Shabbos of Freedom. It was Rosh Chodesh Iyar. At the time we knew little about Rosh Chodesh. We rested on Shabbos and continued learning.

Seven days later, on 8 Iyar, we observed the twenty-fourth day of the Omer even though most everything was unclear to us. It was our Fourth Shabbos of Freedom from Mitzriam. We rested from our journey towards Eilim.

Late in the afternoon of the fourteenth of Iyar we began arriving at Eilim. We had only one day of food left. We began to complain because we would run out of food on Sunday evening. That is why the Torah says, "It was the fifteenth day of the second month after they went out of the land of Mitzriam." Exodus 16:1 We arrived on the fourteenth but did not honor Shabbos as Moshe had taught us. We complained on Shabbos when we should have been uplifting the seventh day. It is so easy to let problems pull one down entering Shabbos or while trying to observe Shabbos. What we term personal problems are not personal at all. Hashem knows our situation so they cannot be personal.

It was there that we learned more about Shabbos. We learned that we would be required to place our trust in Hashem to provide us our daily bread. On Sunday our bread began to rain from the heavens. We gathered it in. It was wonderful yet we wanted meat. Again we complained. Hashem gave us meat in the evenings.

Some of us tried to gather more manna than we needed. We did not place our full and complete trust in Hashem. The extra manna turned to worms. It was awful!

During the week as we traveled, our teacher Moshe taught us more Shabbos laws. He taught us to gather twice as much on the morning of the sixth day. Some of us did not listen. We did our own thing.

It was on the very next day. It was 29 Iyar which was the forty-fifth day of the Omer. It was our Seventh Shabbos of Freedom. Most of us observed Shabbos by this time. Still there were a few that disobeyed. They did not rest on Shabbos. They went out to work. They went out to gather in manna. It appears that they were going to create on Shabbos. There was no manna to gather in.

Dear readers, from these simple examples of what happened to B'nei Yisroel during the first seven Shabbosim we can see ourselves as we draw closer to Hashem on the path of Jewish observance. Every Shabbos was not a total success but we were on the path. We were traveling in the right direction. That is why by the eighth Shabbos we arrived at the place where we were a holy nation, a nation of priests {ministers}.

Shavuos has a Gematria of 772 as does Shev Ahs, meaning seven. Shavuos means "weeks" Shev Ahs is the number of days in each of the weeks of Shavuos. Shev Ahs is the top of the week. It is the seventh day. It is Shabbos. Both Shavuos and Shev Ahs are spelled the same. All that is different is the vowels.

{From Right to Left}

Shev Ahs & Shavuos
772 =
Sav = 400 + Ayin = 70 + Bais = 2 + Shin = 300

From the middle of the night on 15 Nisan to the Eighth Shabbos on 7 Sivan, when we received the Torah, there are fifty-two days. The Gematria of 52 reminds each Jew that we are Ben {Yisroel} A son of Yaakov.

{From Right to Left}

52 = Nun = 50 + Bais = 2

52 also reminds us of the 13 wrappings on each of the four corners of the Tzitzis. Four corners times 13 wrappings equal 52. 52 also represents the number of weeks in a year. The first week and the last week are like the four edges of the corners on our Tzitzis which demonstrate the farthest points of the earth, the greatest distance from one point to another. As far as the east is from the west... Psalms 103 :12. The Tzitzis draw the farthest together as one. We are to take a hold of these Tzitzis each day in prayer thus drawing the four corners of the earth together and thus drawing all the 'WEEKS OF SEVEN DAYS TOGETHER."

The eight Shabbosim between 15 Nisan and 7 Sivan represent the eight days before a male child is circumcised. A male child must live a week, seven days, before they can be circumcised.

Eight represents eight levels of holiness as in the eight separate garments worn by the Kohen Godal.

Eight represents the phrase Kee Ah Nee Hashem Elo Hey Cheem
µk,yhelOa' hwhy ynIa} yKi "For I am Hashem your G-d" which occurs only 8 times in Torah.

Kee Ah Nee Hashem Elo Hey Cheem
106 =
Mem = 40 + Chof = 20 + Yud = 10 + Hey = 5 + Lamid = 30 Aleph =1
26 = Hey = 5 + Vav = 6 + Hey = 5 + Yud
91 = Yud = 10 + Nun = 50 + Aleph = 1 + Yud = 10 + Chof = 20

223 = 106 + 26 + 91

The Gematria Eight represents our Aw Hahv {"LOVE"} for G-d and love for Shabbos.

Finally forty-nine, the SEVEN WEEKS OF SEVEN DAYS, represents the 49 levels of wisdom. The 49th level was where Israel had sunk to before Hashem brought us out of Mitzriam. We were on the lowest level.

The 49th letter of Bereishis is an Ayin. The 49th letter of Shemos is a Nun. The 49th letter of Vayikra is a Vov. The 49th letter of BaMidbar is a Shin. The 49th letter of Devarim is a Lamid. Together they form the word [nwvl. The exact order of these five letters represents the seventy languages of the world. Loshon Ayin, "SEVENTY LANGUAGES."

Loshon Ayin
456 =
Ayin = 70 + Nun = 50 + Vav = 6 + Shin = 300 + Lamid = 30
Also the Day of Shavuos represents fifty.

From the Suf of the first word of Bereishis count fifty letters. t + fifty letters = w + fifty letters = r + fifty letters = h. These letters spell Torah. This is a total of 156 letters from the first letter of Bereishis. From the Sav of the second word of Shemos count fifty letters. t + fifty letters = w + fifty letters = r + fifty letters = h. These letters spell Torah. This is a total of 158 letters from the first letter of Bereishis.

Through each of these Gematrias of 772, 52, 8, 49 and 50 we seek the web of Torah as a beacon shining from Har Sinai reminding us of the holiness of Shabbos and seven weeks of Shabbosim, of the life that was cut away on the Eighth Shabbos like the life that was cut away on the eighth day. We are reminded of our ties to Torah Judaism as a Son of Yaakov and through our prayers. We observe how through our prayers we can draw together as the thirteen wrappings from each corner of our Tzitzis are drawn together. Then there are the seventy languages scattered throughout the world which are drawn together, which are connected through the forty-ninth letter of each book of Torah. Finally we see the Torah, the giving of "Matan Torah" from the Gematrias of fifty in Bereishis and Shemos that spell TORAH.

From this we see that learning / understanding the beauty of Shabbos and Torah for just eight Shabbosim, 52 days changed the Peasant, Pauper, and Peon at Pesach to the Exaltation of Prince, Princess and Holy Priests {Ministers} Receiving the Torah at Shavuos.

Wishing you Good Studies on Shavuos and a Good Shabbos,

Wishing you the best,

Dr. Akiva G. Belk

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